As a school head for two years, I learned a lot during classroom observation and about the Enhanced Integrated Monitoring and Evaluation System (EIMES) for elementary and secondary teachers.
It has been observed that not only the techniques and strategies of the teachers in teaching that promotes learning, but also the use of instructional materials like worksheet, globe, textbooks, magazines, newspapers, pictures, real objects, indigenous materials, recording videos, video clips and other manipulative materials, among others are highly important in teaching.
These instructional materials greatly help the teacher in explaining the lesson well, as they catch the attention of the learners to listen, participate in the discussion and easily understand the subject matter.
Learners learn in different ways. Some are fast, average and slow in understanding topics presented to them. Other learners are extraordinary good at retaining information fed to them orally and others absorbed and retained information that they have read.
But some need visual materials to facilitate learning.
With this, instructional materials such as audio materials, books, and even practical application are excellent aid in assuring that learners have the best possible opportunity to retain the information being given to them.
Instructional materials play an important role in teaching and learning process. These materials help enhance the memory level of the pupils or students at this time that education has turned even more challenging and complex with the advent of the digital age.
Oral teaching alone cannot be the key to successful pedagogy reason that every teacher has to use instructional materials to make teaching and learning process interesting (NIC hulls, 2003; Raw 2006).
Some of the great educators once shared that instructional materials are tools locally made or imported that help to facilitate the teaching/learning process.
On the other hand, Lewis Brown (2005) said the role of teaching aid are: it promotes meaningful communication and effective learning; it ensures better retention, thus making learning more permanent; it helps to overcome the limited classroom by making the inaccessible accessible; it provides a common experience upon which late leaning can be developed. JULIET PACIO DAGANOS, Taneg Elementary School; Mankayan, Benguet
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